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Child Development


Child development is the study or examination of mechanisms that operate during the biological and psychological process of growth of a child to adolescence, from dependency to increasing autonomy.

Pediatrics is the branch of medicine relating to the care of children. Age-related development terms are: Infant or baby (ages 0 - 1.5) , toddler (ages 1.5 - 2); child; preadolescence up to adolescence and puberty.

The optimal development of children is vital to society. Therefore the social, cognitive, emotional, and educational development of children is important to understand. Increased research and interest in this field has resulted in new theories and strategies, with specific regard to developmentally appropriate practice within the school system. Along with all of these developments there are also some theories that seek to describe a sequence of states that comprise child development.

Careers

Psychologists
Wage: $64,140
10 Year Growth Rate: 7.9%
Self Employed: 26.5%
Unemployment Rate: 0.9%
Employed Part Time: 24.0%

Education Requirements:
Master's degree
Counselors
Wage: $51,050
10 Year Growth Rate: 12.6%
Self Employed: 6.1%
Unemployment Rate: 3.4%
Employed Part Time: 15.4%

Education Requirements:
Master's degree
Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program
Wage: $43,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 23.5%
Self Employed: 3.4%
Unemployment Rate: 1.7%
Employed Part Time: 8.3%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's or higher degree, plus work experience
Social Workers
Wage: $39,530
10 Year Growth Rate: 19.1%
Self Employed: 2.8%
Unemployment Rate: 2.3%
Employed Part Time: 9.4%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's degree
Child Care Workers
Wage: $20,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 17.8%
Self Employed: 34.3%
Unemployment Rate: 6.7%
Employed Part Time: 34.4%

Education Requirements:
Short-term on-the-job training