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Public Health


Public health is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. Health is defined and promoted differently by many organizations. The World Health Organization, the United Nations body that sets standards and provides global surveillance of disease, defines health as: "A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." Public health experts agree that nutritional, spiritual, and intellectual aspects also affect an individual's health.

The population in question can be as small as a handful of people or as large as all the inhabitants of several continents (for instance, in the case of a pandemic). Public health has many sub-fields, but is typically divided into the categories of epidemiology, biostatistics and health services. Environmental, social and behavioral health, and occupational health, are also important fields in public health.

Careers

Physicians and Surgeons
Wage: $339,738
10 Year Growth Rate: 14.2%
Self Employed: 14.7%
Unemployment Rate: 0.7%
Employed Part Time: 8.1%

Education Requirements:
First professional degree
Podiatrists
Wage: $113,560
10 Year Growth Rate: 9.5%
Self Employed: 23.9%
Unemployment Rate: 0.3%
Employed Part Time: 23.6%

Education Requirements:
First professional degree
Pharmacists
Wage: $106,410
10 Year Growth Rate: 21.7%
Self Employed: 0.5%
Unemployment Rate: 1.1%
Employed Part Time: 18.1%

Education Requirements:
First professional degree
Optometrists
Wage: $96,320
10 Year Growth Rate: 11.3%
Self Employed: 25.5%
Unemployment Rate: 0.3%
Employed Part Time: 20.8%

Education Requirements:
First professional degree
Physician Assistants
Wage: $81,230
10 Year Growth Rate: 27.0%
Self Employed: 1.8%
Unemployment Rate: 2.6%
Employed Part Time: 15.6%

Education Requirements:
Master's degree
Medical and Health Services Managers
Wage: $80,240
10 Year Growth Rate: 16.4%
Self Employed: 8.2%
Unemployment Rate: 1.5%
Employed Part Time: 5.5%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's or higher degree, plus work experience
Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors
Wage: $76,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 9.6%
Self Employed: 1.1%
Unemployment Rate: 2.3%
Employed Part Time: 2.0%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's degree
Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners
Wage: $71,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 11.8%
Self Employed: 14.3%
Unemployment Rate: 0.7%
Employed Part Time: 36.9%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's degree
Orthotists and Prosthetists
Wage: $68,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 11.8%
Self Employed: 6.5%
Unemployment Rate: 2.4%
Employed Part Time: 15.4%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's degree
Registered Nurses
Wage: $62,450
10 Year Growth Rate: 23.5%
Self Employed: 0.8%
Unemployment Rate: 1.1%
Employed Part Time: 21.8%

Education Requirements:
Associate degree
Occupational Health and Safety Specialists
Wage: $62,250
10 Year Growth Rate: 8.1%
Self Employed: 2.4%
Unemployment Rate: 2.4%
Employed Part Time: 8.0%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's degree
Environmental Scientists and Specialists
Wage: $59,750
10 Year Growth Rate: 25.1%
Self Employed: 2.1%
Unemployment Rate: 1.2%
Employed Part Time: 5.3%

Education Requirements:
Master's degree
Dietitians and Nutritionists
Wage: $50,590
10 Year Growth Rate: 8.6%
Self Employed: 7.9%
Unemployment Rate: 2.2%
Employed Part Time: 27.0%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's degree
Occupational Therapist Assistants and Aides
Wage: $48,230
10 Year Growth Rate: 21.9%
Self Employed: 2.7%
Unemployment Rate: 0.0%
Employed Part Time: 17.8%

Education Requirements:
Short-term on-the-job training
Occupational Health and Safety Technicians
Wage: $45,360
10 Year Growth Rate: 14.6%
Self Employed: 0.0%
Unemployment Rate: 2.4%
Employed Part Time: 8.0%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's degree
Respiratory Therapy Technicians
Wage: $45,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 0.9%
Self Employed: 0.3%
Unemployment Rate: 2.1%
Employed Part Time: 20.8%

Education Requirements:
Associate degree
Health Educators
Wage: $44,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 26.2%
Self Employed: 0.1%
Unemployment Rate: 3.8%
Employed Part Time: 12.0%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's degree
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers
Wage: $43,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 14.8%
Self Employed: 0.0%
Unemployment Rate: 2.4%
Employed Part Time: 8.0%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's degree
Healthcare Technologists and Technicians
Wage: $40,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 15.0%
Self Employed: 6.6%
Unemployment Rate: 2.4%
Employed Part Time: 15.4%

Education Requirements:
Postsecondary vocational award
Athletic Trainers
Wage: $39,640
10 Year Growth Rate: 24.3%
Self Employed: 2.4%
Unemployment Rate: 2.4%
Employed Part Time: 8.0%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's degree
Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses
Wage: $39,030
10 Year Growth Rate: 14.0%
Self Employed: 1.5%
Unemployment Rate: 2.9%
Employed Part Time: 18.3%

Education Requirements:
Postsecondary vocational award
Surgical Technologists
Wage: $38,740
10 Year Growth Rate: 24.5%
Self Employed: 0.2%
Unemployment Rate: 2.1%
Employed Part Time: 20.8%

Education Requirements:
Postsecondary vocational award
Massage Therapists
Wage: $38,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 20.3%
Self Employed: 64.0%
Unemployment Rate: 1.3%
Employed Part Time: 42.9%

Education Requirements:
Postsecondary vocational award
Medical Transcriptionists
Wage: $34,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 13.5%
Self Employed: 9.7%
Unemployment Rate: 4.0%
Employed Part Time: 23.2%

Education Requirements:
Postsecondary vocational award
Dispensing Opticians
Wage: $32,810
10 Year Growth Rate: 8.7%
Self Employed: 2.4%
Unemployment Rate: 1.7%
Employed Part Time: 18.8%

Education Requirements:
Long-term on-the-job training
Dental Assistants
Wage: $32,380
10 Year Growth Rate: 29.2%
Self Employed: 0.0%
Unemployment Rate: 2.3%
Employed Part Time: 35.7%

Education Requirements:
Moderate-term on-the-job training
Psychiatric Technicians
Wage: $32,000
10 Year Growth Rate: -3.3%
Self Employed: 0.2%
Unemployment Rate: 2.1%
Employed Part Time: 20.8%

Education Requirements:
Postsecondary vocational award
Healthcare Support Workers
Wage: $31,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 15.6%
Self Employed: 6.6%
Unemployment Rate: 4.0%
Employed Part Time: 23.2%

Education Requirements:
Short-term on-the-job training
Medical Records and Health Information Technicians
Wage: $30,610
10 Year Growth Rate: 17.8%
Self Employed: 0.2%
Unemployment Rate: 3.0%
Employed Part Time: 12.5%

Education Requirements:
Associate degree
Medical Equipment Preparers
Wage: $30,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 14.2%
Self Employed: 2.8%
Unemployment Rate: 4.0%
Employed Part Time: 23.2%

Education Requirements:
Short-term on-the-job training
Pharmacy Technicians and Aides
Wage: $29,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 32.0%
Self Employed: 0.2%
Unemployment Rate: 2.1%
Employed Part Time: 20.8%

Education Requirements:
Moderate-term on-the-job training
Medical Assistants
Wage: $28,300
10 Year Growth Rate: 35.4%
Self Employed: 0.0%
Unemployment Rate: 4.0%
Employed Part Time: 23.2%

Education Requirements:
Moderate-term on-the-job training
Dietetic Technicians
Wage: $28,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 14.8%
Self Employed: 0.2%
Unemployment Rate: 2.1%
Employed Part Time: 20.8%

Education Requirements:
Postsecondary vocational award
Nursing and Psychiatric Aides
Wage: $27,000
10 Year Growth Rate: -0.1%
Self Employed: 2.3%
Unemployment Rate: 6.0%
Employed Part Time: 24.0%

Education Requirements:
Short-term on-the-job training
Home Health Aides and Personal and Home Care Aides
Wage: $22,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 48.7%
Self Employed: 1.9%
Unemployment Rate: 6.0%
Employed Part Time: 24.0%

Education Requirements:
Short-term on-the-job training