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Genetics


Genetics is the science of heredity and variation in living organisms. The modern science of genetics, which seeks to understand the mechanisms of inheritance, only began with the work of Gregor Mendel in the mid-1800s.

A geneticist is a scientist who studies genetics, the science of heredity and variation of organisms. A geneticist can be a physician, but not always. A geneticist can also be employed as a teacher or researcher. Some geneticists perform experiments and analyze data to interpret the inheritance of traits.

Most geneticists complete at least a Bachelor's degree and many continue on to a more advanced degree. Geneticists participate in courses from many areas, such as biology, chemistry, physics, microbiology, cell biology, English, and mathematics. They also participate in more specific genetics courses such as molecular genetics, transmission genetics, population genetics, quantitative genetics, ecological genetics, and genomics.

Careers

Physicians and Surgeons
Wage: $339,738
10 Year Growth Rate: 14.2%
Self Employed: 14.7%
Unemployment Rate: 0.7%
Employed Part Time: 8.1%

Education Requirements:
First professional degree
Biological Scientists
Wage: $82,840
10 Year Growth Rate: 3.7%
Self Employed: 3.2%
Unemployment Rate: 3.0%
Employed Part Time: 7.3%

Education Requirements:
Doctoral degree
Physician Assistants
Wage: $81,230
10 Year Growth Rate: 27.0%
Self Employed: 1.8%
Unemployment Rate: 2.6%
Employed Part Time: 15.6%

Education Requirements:
Master's degree
Microbiologists
Wage: $67,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 11.2%
Self Employed: 2.7%
Unemployment Rate: 3.0%
Employed Part Time: 7.3%

Education Requirements:
Doctoral degree