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Floriculture


Floriculture, or flower farming, is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry, comprising the floral industry. The development plant breeding of new varieties is a major occupation of floriculturists.

Floriculture crops include bedding plants, flowering plants, foliage plants or houseplants, cut cultivated greens, and cut flowers. As distinguished from nursery crops, floriculture crops are generally herbaceous. Bedding and garden plants consist of young flowering plants (annuals and perennials) and vegetable plants. They are grown in flats trays, in pots, or in hanging baskets, usually inside a controlled environment, and sold largely for gardens and landscaping. Geraniums, impatiens, and petunias are the best-selling bedding plants.

Careers

Soil and Plant Scientists
Wage: $64,000
10 Year Growth Rate: 8.4%
Self Employed: 19.5%
Unemployment Rate: 4.0%
Employed Part Time: 11.4%

Education Requirements:
Bachelor's degree
Floral Designers
Wage: $25,000
10 Year Growth Rate: -8.9%
Self Employed: 32.7%
Unemployment Rate: 3.7%
Employed Part Time: 16.7%

Education Requirements:
Moderate-term on-the-job training
Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse
Wage: $19,000
10 Year Growth Rate: -3.4%
Self Employed: 0.2%
Unemployment Rate: 10.9%
Employed Part Time: 14.7%

Education Requirements:
Short-term on-the-job training