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Farmers and Farm Managers

What they do?

Farmers and farm managers perform some or all the following duties:

A. Develop and keep financial and production records.

B. Farmers and farm managers may manage farms specialized in particular crops such as wheat, apples or potatoes or raise particular livestock such as beef cattle, hogs or chickens.

C. Manage the overall operation of a farm, ranch or orchard

D. Determine the amount and kinds of crops to be grown and livestock to be raised

E. Plant, cultivate and harvest crops

F. Raise and breed livestock and poultry

G. Hire and supervise farm workers

Where they find work?

1. Farms - 99.0%

What education do I need?

1. Extensive farming experience (obtained as a farmer, farm supervisor or specialized livestock worker or by working on a family farm) is usually required.

2. A college diploma in agriculture may be required.

3. Almost 2 in 5 have a community college diploma and 3 in 10 have a trade/vocational certificate.

High School Subject that will help:

1. English
2. Computer-related courses
3. Chemistry
4. Biology

What can you expect to make:

The average hourly wages for Farmers and Farm Managers is $13.96/HR, which is close to the average for occupations in the primary industry sector and are below average for all technical, professional, and skilled occupations. These wages grew at an average rate from 2002 to 2004.

Average Wage

Farmers and Farm Managers wages

Expected Wage by Age

Farmers and Farm Managers Wage By Age


1% of Farmers and Farm Managers are unemployed. This rate is below the average for technical, professional, and skilled occupations.


Farmers and Farm Managers Unemployment

Trends in Unemployment

Farmers and Farm Managers Trends in Unemployment

Current Job Outlook:

The job outlook for Farmers and Farm Managers is considered Below Average because:

1. Employment grew at an average rate.

2. Hourly wages ($13.96) are below the average ($18.07), and the wage rate is close to the average.

3. The unemployment rate (1%) is below the 2004 average (7%).

Future Job Prospects:

Your job outlook will continue to be Below Average because:

1. The employment growth rate will likely be average. The consolidation of farms, technological innovation, and low prices for agricultural products will likely continue to slow the demand for workers.

2. Although the retirement rate will likely be average, the number of retiring workers should contribute to job openings.

3. The number of job openings will likely exceed the number of job seekers. This will not be significant enough to have an impact on the work prospects.

Highest Concetration:

The highest concentrations are found in Alberta and Prince Edward Island while the lowest concentrations are in New Brunswick and Newfoundland.

Unionization Rate:

The unionization rate (41%) is close to the average (32%) for all occupations.

Useful Experience:

1. Co-ordinating skills

2. Communication skills

3. Supervising

Part Time Workers

Farmers and Farm Managers Part Time Workers

Part time workers:

14% of Farmers and Farm Managers are employed only on a part-time basis. There were 190,400 workers employed in these occupations in 2004, a decrease of 27% since 1997.

Age Demographics

Farmers and Farm Managers Age Demographics

Age Demographics:

The relatively low percentage of younger workers suggests few entry-level job openings, and could point to a greater need for workers with experience or a number of years of training. The older-than-average worker (47) will likely be offset by a later retirement age (69) resulting in an average retirement rate to 2009.

Self Employed

Farmers and Farm Managers Self Employed

Self Employed:

Roughly 97% of Farmers and Farm Managers are self-employed. This is considered Above average for the industry as a whole.

Men vs Women

Farmers and Farm Managers Men vs Women

Men vs Women:

23% of the individuals employed as Farmers and Farm Managers are women. Compared to other industries, this is Average.