Audiologists and speech-language pathologists diagnose, evaluate, and treat human communication disorders including hearing, speech, language, and voice disorders.
Physiotherapists assess patients; provide preventive, diagnostic, and treatment services to restore or maintain function; alleviate pain; and prevent disability or physical dysfunction.
Occupational therapists utilize a systematic approach based on evidence and professional reasoning to enable individuals, groups and communities to develop the means and opportunities to identify, engage in, and improve their function in the occupations of life. Occupational therapists use a process involving assessment, intervention and evaluation of progress of the client related to their occupational performance in self-care, work, study, volunteerism and leisure. Occupational therapists may advise on health risks in the workplace, mental health promotion programs, and active living programs for seniors. Occupational therapists deliver direct professional services but may also perform functions as manager, researcher, program developer or educator.
Art, dance, music, athletic, and recreational therapists and remedial gymnasts plan and carry out specialized programs to aid in the treatment of mental/physical disabilities.
1. To be a therapy or assessment professional, you need a college or university program in your area of work, a period of supervised training, and credentials such as a licence or membership in a professional association.
2. To be an audiologist or speech-language pathologist, you need a master's degree or equivalent in your chosen area of practice. You may need certification with a professional association and a licence in the province/territory where you'll work.
3. To be a physiotherapist, you must have a professional master's degree in physiotherapy and a period of supervised practical training. To practise, you need a licence or registration in the province/territory where you'll work.
4. To be an occupational therapist, you need a university degree in occupational therapy--an accredited program that includes supervised field work. You also need a licence in the province/territory where you'll work, except in British Columbia.
5. To be an art therapist, you need a graduate degree in art therapy.
6. To be a dance therapist, you must have a bachelor's degree in psychology or dance/movement therapy, or an approved graduate program in dance/movement therapy.
2. Physical Education
The average hourly wages for Therapy and Assessment Professionals is $26.08/HR, which is above average for occupations in the health sector and close to the average for all professional occupations. These wages grew at an above-average rate from 2002 to 2004.