Psychologists perform some or all of the following duties:
A. Provide consultation services to government and other organizations.
B. Psychologists may specialize in applied psychology or experimental research. Sub-specialties include behavioural psychology, child psychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, educational and school psychology, industrial psychology, neuropsychology, social psychology or sports psychology.
C. Examine and assess behaviour, diagnose behavioural, emotional and cognitive disorders, counsel clients and provide therapy
D. Help clients manage physical illness and disorders
E. Counsel individuals and groups to achieve more effective personal, social and vocational development and adjustment and offer mediation services
F. Use standard psychological tests for assessment
G. Plan intervention programs and conduct program evaluation
H. Apply psychological theory and principles regarding behaviour and mental processes such as learning, memory, perception and language development
I. Formulate hypotheses and experimental designs, review literature, conduct studies and publish research papers, educational texts and articles
J. Deliver presentations at conferences, workshops or symposia
1. Health care and social assistance - 73.0%
2. Educational services - 21.0%
3. Public administration - 7.0%
1. You must have a graduate university degree in psychology and be registered with a regulatory body in all provinces and the Northwest Territories. Membership in a provincial professional association for psychologists is voluntary.
2. You must have a doctoral degree in Ontario, Manitoba, and British Columbia and a master's or doctoral degree in all other provinces and the Northwest Territories. In Prince Edward Island, you must have a doctorate to work in professional private practice, while a master's degree limits practice to institutions/agencies.
3. In Ontario and Manitoba, you need a master's degree for the designation of Psychological Associate, and you need permission by provincial regulatory authorities to perform duties restricted to psychologists, namely diagnosing and communicating the diagnoses to clients.
4. You must complete a period of supervised practical experience in most jurisdictions.
5. You must successfully finish the written Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP) in most provinces/territories and oral examinations and/or board interviews in some provinces/territories.
6. Most recent entrants have a graduate degree.
4. Social Studies
The average hourly wages for Psychologists is $29.97/HR, which is above average for occupations in the social science, education, government service and religion and are above average for all professional occupations. These wages grew at an average rate from 2002 to 2004.