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Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors

What they do?

Pilots perform some or all of the following duties:

A. Assist captain and first officer in operation of aircraft as second officer.

Flying instructors perform some or all of the following duties:

B. Instruct student pilots in procedures and techniques of flying aircraft and in ground-school subjects such as navigation, radio procedures and flying regulations

C. Train licensed pilots for additional certification.

D. Fly fixed wing aircraft or helicopters to transport passengers and freight

E. Provide services such as search and rescue, aerial surveying or spraying and crop dusting

F. Direct activities of aircraft crew during flight, as captain of aircraft

G. Co-pilot aircraft and perform captain's duties if required, as first officer

H. Test new aircraft to evaluate aircraft performance

I. Train pilots to use new equipment, or prepare them for examination to re-validate or upgrade existing licences.

Flight engineers (second officers) perform some or all of the following duties:

A. Monitor operation of engines, fuel consumption and functioning of aircraft systems during flight

Where they find work?

1. Transportation and warehousing - 83.0%
2. Educational services - 5.0%

What education do I need?

1. In general, you must finish high school, graduate from a certified flying or aviation school, and have a commercial pilot's licence or an air transport pilot's licence.

2. You may also need a university degree or college diploma.

3. To be a pilot, you may need additional licences or endorsements to fly different types of aircraft.

4. Some employers may provide structured training for pilots and flight engineers.

5. To be a flight instructor, you need Transport Canada ratings and endorsements to provide instruction on different types of aircraft.

6. Most recent entrants have a community college diploma and almost 3 in 10 have a undergraduate unversity degree.

High School Subject that will help:

1. Math
2. English
3. Physics
4. Computer-related courses

What can you expect to make:

The average hourly wages for Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors is $27.45/HR, which is close to the average for occupations in the natural and applied sciences and related occupations and above average for all technical, professional, and skilled occupations. These wages grew at a below-average rate from 2002 to 2004.

Average Wage

Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors wages

Expected Wage by Age

Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors Wage By Age

Unemployment:

4% of Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors are unemployed. This rate is close to the average for technical, professional, and skilled occupations.

Unemployment

Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors Unemployment

Trends in Unemployment

Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors Trends in Unemployment

Current Job Outlook:

The job outlook for Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors is considered Average because:

1. Employment grew at a below-average rate.

2. The retirement rate is above average, and the number of retiring workers contributes to job openings.

3. Hourly wages ($27.45) are above the average ($18.07), and the rate of wage growth is below average..

4. The unemployment rate (4%) is close to the 2004 average (7%).

Future Job Prospects:

Your job outlook will continue to be Average because:

1. The employment growth rate will likely be average with demand stimulated by a stronger airline industry based on restructuring and passengers' renewed confidence in travel.

2. The retirement rate will likely be above average and the number of retiring workers should contribute to job openings.

3. The number of job openings will likely exceed the number of job seekers. This will not be significant enough to have an impact on the work prospects.

Highest Concetration:

The highest concentrations (per 10,000 people) of Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors are found in British Columbia and Nova Scotia while the lowest concentrations are in New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.

Unionization Rate:

The unionization rate (49%) is close to the average (32%) for all occupations.

Useful Experience:

1. Business management

2. Report writing

3. Customer relations

Part Time Workers

Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors Part Time Workers

Part time workers:


30% of Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors are employed only on a part-time basis. There were 11,100 workers employed in these occupations in 2004, a decrease of 8% since 1997.

Age Demographics

Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors Age Demographics

Age Demographics:


The older-than-average age (43) of worker will likely result in an above-average retirement rate to 2009.

Self Employed

Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors Self Employed

Self Employed:


Roughly 6% of Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors are self-employed. This is considered Average for the industry as a whole.

Men vs Women

Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors Men vs Women

Men vs Women:


3% of the individuals employed as Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors are women. Compared to other industries, this is Below average.