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Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations

What they do?

Athletes participate in competitive sports events on an amateur or professional basis. They play team sports such as hockey, baseball, and football or compete in individual sports such as figure skating, track and field, and boxing.

A. Coaches prepare and train individual athletes/teams for competitive events.

B. Sports scouts identify and recruit athletes for professional sports teams.

C. Sports officials and referees observe and enforce rules governing sporting events, athletic games, and sports competitions.

D. Leaders and instructors in recreation and sport programs plan and carry out recreational, sports, fitness, and athletic programs for individuals/groups.

Where they find work?

1. Arts entertainment and recreation - 43.0%
2. Educational services - 19.0%
3. Public administration - 18.0%
4. Other services (except public administration) - 7.0%
5. Health care and social assistance - 7.0%
6. Accommodation and food services - 3.0%

What education do I need?

1. In general, you usually need ability, experience, and technical knowledge of your area of sport.

2. To be an athlete, involves extensive training under a coach's supervision and you may also need certification with a particular sports federation.

3. To be a coach, you usually need to complete the national coaching certificate program and have technical knowledge/experience of the sport. You may need a degree in physical education.

4. To be a sports official, you need certification by and registration with a sport governing body or commission.

5. To be a referee, you must finish an officiating program from a sport-governing body.

6. To be a program leader or instructor, you usually need a high school diploma as well as a college diploma in recreation or physical education, or extensive experience in a specific recreational or sports program. You usually need certificates such as a swimming instructor's certificate for particular recreational activities.

High School Subject that will help:

1. English
2. Physical Education

What can you expect to make:

The average hourly wages for Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations is $12.25/HR, which is below average for occupations in the art, culture, recreation and sport sector and are below average for all technical, professional, and skilled occupations. These wages grew at a below-average rate from 2002 to 2004.

Average Wage

Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations wages

Expected Wage by Age

Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations Wage By Age

Unemployment:

8% of Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations are unemployed. This rate is close to the average for technical, professional, and skilled occupations.

Unemployment

Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations Unemployment

Trends in Unemployment

Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations Trends in Unemployment

Current Job Outlook:

The job outlook for Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations is considered Below Average because:

1. Employment grew at an average rate.

2. Hourly wages ($12.25) are below the average ($18.07), and the rate of wage growth is below average.

3. The unemployment rate (8%) is above the 2004 average (7%).

Future Job Prospects:

Your job outlook will continue to be Below Average because:

1. While the employment growth rate will likely be above average, the supply of workers should remain extremely high. The public trend toward more sedentary activities, the aging population, and the rising costs of sports/recreational activities could negatively affect job openings.

2. Although the retirement rate will likely be below average, the number of retiring workers should contribute to job openings.

3. The number of job seekers will likely exceed the number of job openings.

Highest Concetration:

The highest concentrations Athletes, Coaches, referees and Related Occupations are found in Quebec, Ontario and British Columbia while the lowest concentrations are in New Brunswick and Newfoundland.

Unionization Rate:

The unionization rate (24%) is close to the average (32%) for all occupations.

Useful Experience:

1. Leadership

2. Team-building

3. Sports

Part Time Workers

Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations Part Time Workers

Part time workers:


56% of Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations are employed only on a part-time basis. There were 89,600 workers employed in these occupations in 2004, an increase of 60% since 1997.

Age Demographics

Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations Age Demographics

Age Demographics:


The relatively high percentage of younger workers suggests more entry-level positions and jobs that may serve as stepping stones in a career. The younger-than-average age (27) of worker will likely result in a below-average retirement rate to 2009.

Self Employed

Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations Self Employed

Self Employed:


Roughly 15% of Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations are self-employed. This is considered Average for the industry as a whole.

Men vs Women

Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations Men vs Women

Men vs Women:


61% of the individuals employed as Athletes, Coaches, Referees and Related Occupations are women. Compared to other industries, this is Above average.