Engineers in this group usually plan, evaluate, research, and manage projects in their area of specialization.
A. Civil engineers design the construction/repair of structures such as: buildings, roads, tunnels, airports, and rapid transit facilities; bridges, dams, ports, and coastal installations; systems related to highway and transportation services; and water distribution/sanitation.
B. Mechanical engineers design the operation of machinery/systems for: heating, ventilation/air conditioning, and power generation; transportation; and processing/manufacturing.
C. Electrical and electronics engineers design the operation/performance of: electrical generation and distribution networks; electrical machinery/components; electronic communications; and instrumentation/control systems, equipment, and components.
D. Chemical engineers design the operation/improvement of: chemical processes and equipment; quality control; environmental protection; biochemical/biotechnical engineering; and other areas.
1. Architectural engineering and related services - 29.0%
2. Construction - 8.0%
3. Utilities - 8.0%
4. Computer and electronic product manufacturing - 7.0%
5. Public administration - 7.0%
6. Machinery manufacturing - 4.0%
1. In general, you need a university degree in your chosen area of engineering or in a related field.
2. You may also need a master's degree or doctorate in a related engineering field.
3. As an engineer, you are eligible for registration as a Professional Engineer (P. Eng.) after graduation from an accredited educational program, after three or four years of supervised work experience in engineering, and by passing the professional practice examination.
4. You need a licence from a provincial/territorial association of professional engineers to practise as a professional engineer (P. Eng.).
5. Most recent entrants have an undergraduate university degree.
3. Industrial Arts
The average hourly wages for Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers is $31.10/HR, which is above average for occupations in the natural and applied sciences and related occupations and above average for all professional occupations. These wages grew at a below-average rate from 2002 to 2004.