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Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers

What they do?

Engineers in this group usually plan, evaluate, research, and manage projects in their area of specialization.

A. Civil engineers design the construction/repair of structures such as: buildings, roads, tunnels, airports, and rapid transit facilities; bridges, dams, ports, and coastal installations; systems related to highway and transportation services; and water distribution/sanitation.

B. Mechanical engineers design the operation of machinery/systems for: heating, ventilation/air conditioning, and power generation; transportation; and processing/manufacturing.

C. Electrical and electronics engineers design the operation/performance of: electrical generation and distribution networks; electrical machinery/components; electronic communications; and instrumentation/control systems, equipment, and components.

D. Chemical engineers design the operation/improvement of: chemical processes and equipment; quality control; environmental protection; biochemical/biotechnical engineering; and other areas.

Where they find work?

1. Architectural engineering and related services - 29.0%
2. Construction - 8.0%
3. Utilities - 8.0%
4. Computer and electronic product manufacturing - 7.0%
5. Public administration - 7.0%
6. Machinery manufacturing - 4.0%

What education do I need?

1. In general, you need a university degree in your chosen area of engineering or in a related field.

2. You may also need a master's degree or doctorate in a related engineering field.

3. As an engineer, you are eligible for registration as a Professional Engineer (P. Eng.) after graduation from an accredited educational program, after three or four years of supervised work experience in engineering, and by passing the professional practice examination.

4. You need a licence from a provincial/territorial association of professional engineers to practise as a professional engineer (P. Eng.).

5. Most recent entrants have an undergraduate university degree.

High School Subject that will help:

1. Math
2. Sciences
3. Industrial Arts
4. Drafting

What can you expect to make:

The average hourly wages for Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers is $31.10/HR, which is above average for occupations in the natural and applied sciences and related occupations and above average for all professional occupations. These wages grew at a below-average rate from 2002 to 2004.

Average Wage

Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers wages

Expected Wage by Age

Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers Wage By Age

Unemployment:

3% of Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers are unemployed. This rate is close to the average for professional occupations.

Unemployment

Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers Unemployment

Trends in Unemployment

Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers Trends in Unemployment

Current Job Outlook:

The job outlook for Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers is considered Above Average because:

1. Employment grew at an average rate.

2. Hourly wages ($31.10) are above the average ($18.07), and the rate of wage growth is below average.

3. The unemployment rate (3%) is close to the 2004 average (7%).

Future Job Prospects:

Your job outlook will continue to be Above Average because:

1. The employment growth rate will likely be above average.

2. Although the retirement rate will likely be average, the number of retiring workers should contribute to job openings.

3. The number of job seekers will likely exceed the number of job openings. This will not be significant enough to have an impact on the work prospects.

Highest Concetration:

The highest concentrations (per 10,000 people) of Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers are found in Alberta and Ontario while the lowest concentrations are in Prince Edward Island and Alberta.

Unionization Rate:

The unionization rate (19%) is close to the average (32%) for all occupations.

Useful Experience:

1. Project management

2. Team project work

3. Proposal writing

Part Time Workers

Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers Part Time Workers

Part time workers:


3% of Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers are employed only on a part-time basis. There were 118,300 workers employed in these occupations in 2004, an increase of 30% since 1997.

Age Demographics

Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers Age Demographics

Age Demographics:


The relatively low percentage of younger workers suggests few entry-level job openings, and could point to a greater need for workers with experience or a number of years of training. The retirement rate to 2009 will likely be average reflecting the age/retirement structure of the occupation.

Self Employed

Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers Self Employed

Self Employed:


Roughly 13% of Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers are self-employed. This is considered Average for the industry as a whole.

Men vs Women

Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers Men vs Women

Men vs Women:


11% of the individuals employed as Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineers are women. Compared to other industries, this is Below average.