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Introduction to Geology - 1st year

Introduction to the basics of general geology, emphasizing the natural processes that govern and shape the Earth. Overview of the origin and interpretation of rocks and minerals, volcanism, earthquakes and plate tectonics will take place.


By the end of the course, students will be able to:

1. Demonstrate understanding of the theoretical basis behind geology and its related concepts;

2. Analyze the natural processes that govern and shape the earth;

3. Discuss the influence geology has on specific areas of the world;

4. Describe the generation and use of natural resources;

5. Differentiate between the types of rock and how they are used.


Course topics will include the following:

1. The nature and scope of geology

2. Structure and composition of the earth

3. Igneous rocks

4. Volcanism

5. Physical and chemical weathering

6. Sediments and sedimentary rocks

7. Metamorphism and metamorphic rocks

8. Structural deformation of rocks

9. Mass wasting

10. Underground water

11. Running water

12. Wind action

13. Glaciers and glaciation

14. Oceans and shorelines

15. Earthquakes

16. Tectonic Theory

17. Plate Tectonic Theory

18. Development of geological philosophy using a historical approach

Method of Instruction:

1. Lectures

2. Discussion

3. Small Group Activities

4. Audio Visual

Types of Assignments:

1. Research Papers

2. Oral Presentation

3. Reading Exercises

Sample Text:

1. Press, Frank, et al. Understanding Earth. 4th ed. New York: W.H. Freeman & Company, 2004.