Professionals in the field of physical science conduct research in their field of specialization.
A. Physicists conduct basic research of natural phenomena and develop new processes/devices in areas such as electronics, aerodynamics, communications, power utilities, optics, and lasers.
B. Astronomers research the universe and develop instrumentation/software for astronomical observation/analysis.
C. Chemists conduct research and are involved in process control, product development, industrial operations, environmental control, biotechnology, and other areas.
D. Geologists, geochemists, and geophysicists conduct research/exploration to extend knowledge of the earth's surface/subsurface; locate mineral, hydrocarbon, and water resources; plan/implement extraction programs; and conduct environmental assessments.
E. Meteorologists forecast weather; conduct research into weather, climate, and atmosphere; and provide consultation on atmospheric phenomena.
F. Metallurgists study the properties/production of metals/alloys.