Judges preside over courts of law, interpret/enforce rules of procedure, adjudicate civil/criminal cases, and administer justice. They may specialize in particular areas of law such as civil, criminal, and family law.
Lawyers and Quebec notaries provide legal advice and represent clients; prepare contracts, wills, and other legal documents; and may act as executors, trustees or guardians in estate/family law matters. They may specialize in specific areas of law such as criminal law (lawyers only) and corporate, real estate, and labour law.
Lawyers also plead cases or conduct prosecutions before courts of law, tribunals/boards, and negotiate civil dispute settlements.